Statement by the Iranian Permanent Representative to the OPCW at the Ninety-Third Session of the Executive Council
Statement by Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the OPCW at the Ninety-Third Session of the Executive Council
11 March, 2019
H.E. Ambassador Dr. Alireza KAZEMI ABADI
Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the OPCW
at the Ninety-Third Session of the Executive Council
11 March, 2019
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
Mr. Director General,
I thank you, Mr. Chairperson, and welcome you back to chair the Ninety-Third Session of the Executive Council. I wish you success and assure you of full cooperation of my delegation.
My delegation associates itself with the statement delivered by His Excellency Mr. Jafar Huseynzada, Acting Director of the Department for Political-Military Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and China.
I would like to express my gratitude to the Director-General, His Excellency Ambassador Fernando Arias, for his comprehensive report delivered in this Session.
I take the opportunity to express my deep condolences for the demise of the OPCW inspector Mr. Thomas Galvin.
I would also like to thank Ambassador Gomez and Ambassador Puja the Co-facilitators for the organizational issues for their valuable efforts and consultations in the facilitation process.
The Technical Secretariat has verified the destruction of all declared Chemical Weapons Production Facilities (CWPFs) in the Syrian Arab Republic. Syria has submitted its seventy-fifth monthly report regarding activities on its territory related to destruction of its chemical weapons and CWPFs. Twenty-two rounds of consultations between Declaration Assessment Team (DAT) and Syrian authorities took place on October 2019 to discuss all outstanding issues and the Secretariat is considering the dates for the next round of consultations. Syria has constantly responded to the questions of DAT and had a constructive cooperation with the Technical Secretariat. We welcome and encourage the high-level consultations process to continue between the two sides in order to put an end to the few outstanding issues. The Secretariat has also conducted the sixth round of inspections on November 2019 pursuant to the Decision of the 83rd Session of the Executive Council. The Secretariat is monitoring and maintaining the remote monitoring systems installed at the sealed underground structures on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic and the OPCW staff members are also deployed to Syria regularly. It is commendable that the Syrian Arab Republic while combating the terrorist groups, struggling to eradicate chemical terrorism and suffering from the illegal foreign military interventions and attacks has taken valuable and positive steps to complete the destruction of its chemical weapons and related facilities. Syria has fulfilled its obligations in accordance with the Convention and continues to cooperate with the Secretariat as well.
I draw the attention of the Executive Council to the fact that the non-consensual Decision of the Fourth Special Session of the Conference of States Parties (dated 27 June 2018) on “attribution”, as a politicized and untechnical issue, is inconsistent with the Convention and shall not be considered as an enforceable authorized obligation for the States Parties as well as the Technical Secretariat. As the result of the above-mentioned Decision a new mandate has been designed for the Technical Secretariat which is absolutely differentiated from its mandate defined in the Convention. Consequently, the attribution-related activities of the Investigation and Identification Team (IIT) and its mandate in this regard would be unacceptable. The Decision has extended the mandate of the Technical Secretariat inappropriately.
I have to emphasize once again that the activities of the Fact Finding Mission (FFM) in Syria should be of technical nature, depoliticized, based on validated information and reliable sources, and carried out on the basis of impartiality and professionalism.
I would like to seize the opportunity and express my gratitude to the Director General for the briefing on the investigation into alleged breaches of confidentiality on 6 February 2020 which was unfortunately held without any discussion. My delegation raised a few questions about the report and received short answers from the Technical Secretariat. I am confident that if there were no misgivings about the Douma incident, we wouldn’t have seen such a confusion among the staff of the Technical Secretariat. We suggest that for the sake of transparency in case of any divergence of technical views which may result in a lack of consensus among the investigators or inspectors the views different from the main conclusion be considered and duly reflected in the report as well through an annex or other solutions.
On the draft Decision submitted by a few Member States entitled “OPCW Advisory Body on Administrative and Financial Matters (ABAF)-Rules of Procedures” my delegation is of the view that the current rules of procedure of the ABAF is working well and there is no need to change the rules of procedure especially when this change might be conducive to a complicated situation in the Executive Council in future. However, the proposed draft Decision requires amendments to make it acceptable.
We believe there is an urgent need that the States Parties continue their discussions on different aspects of the Aerosolized Use of Central Nervous System-Acting Chemicals (CNS) and their impacts. At any case my delegation is not in a position to agree with any Decision or document that may restrict the usage of CNS chemicals and related researches for peaceful purposes such as medicine, pharmaceuticals, chemical industry, agriculture, etc.
I have to reiterate that owing to the fact that the United States of America as the only remaining possessor State Party did not have a firm intention to utilize its entire capacity to fulfil its commitments, the destruction of chemical weapons stockpiles as one of the fundamental pillars of the Convention has not yet been completed. By the same token, the move towards the post-destruction stage by this Organization has remained pending and unachieved. The full destruction of chemical weapons and the universality of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) are the two wings of horizontal and vertical chemical non-proliferation and the main prerequisites for a successful and comprehensive chemical disarmament. We urge the only remaining possessor State Party to accelerate the process of destruction of its chemical weapons stockpiles and take all-out measures to complete destruction before the scheduled timeline as reflected in the document EC-93/NAT.2 dated 19 February 2020 to ensure that the object and purpose of the Convention is duly achieved.
The unilateral sanctions against my nation has deprived the victims of chemical weapons to have access to essential medications and have increased their physical and mental sufferings more than ever. We expect that the States Parties under the good offices of Director General to assist the chemical weapons victims in whatever ways possible.
In closing I request that this statement be circulated as an official document of this session and posted on the OPCW’s public website.
Statement by the Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the 93rd Session of the Executive Council in Response to the US objection to the Vice-Chairmanship of the Islamic Republic of Iran under Agenda Item Eleven
I am truly shocked by the statement of the US Ambassador in opposition to the election of one of the members of the Asia Group as a vice-chair in this Session. It is a well-established procedure in the OPCW that the Vice-Chairs of the Executive Council are elected in the Regional Groups and introduced to the Council to be adopted therein. It is preposterous that one of the members of a Regional Group has objection to an elected member of another Regional Group which is the largest one in this Organization. The political interests of members of Regional Groups shall not have any impact in this process and in the routine task of the Organization. The United States has already indicated that in supporting its narrow interests under the current administration has no respect for the international law and international organizations much less the Decisions of the Regional Groups in this Organization. We categorically reject the irrelevant and inappropriate remarks of the distinguished delegate of the US in this Session.
Besides, the United States of America is the main supporter of the terrorist groups and activities including state terrorism especially in the Middle East. An obvious example of state terrorism and criminal act of the United States is the assassination of Major General Qasem Soleimani and all his companions at the direction of its president inside the territory of Iraq which is a gross violation of the fundamental principles of International law, charter of United Nations and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. While the president of the United States during his election campaign clearly declared that the US administration was the founder of Daesh/ISIS and co-founder of other extremist and terrorist groups, General Soleimani had played a significant role in combatting and defeating the most dangerous terrorist groups such as Daesh/ISIS and other terrorist groups in different regions. The United States is not in a position to introduce itself as an anti-terrorist state but may at least be respectful to the decisions of the Regional Groups.
Statement by the Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the 93rd Session of the Executive Council on the Draft Decision entitled “Understanding Regarding the Aerosolized Use of Central Nervous System-Acting Chemicals for Law Enforcement Purposes under Agenda Item 13, Any Other Business“
On the draft Decision entitled “Understanding Regarding the Aerosolized Use of Central Nervous System-Acting Chemicals (CNS) for Law Enforcement Purposes” my delegation assumes that having few briefings about this issue is not absolutely sufficient to impose a new obligation upon the shoulder of the States Parties especially when CNS chemicals have not yet been defined clearly and clarified technically to the States Parties and also not yet discussed seriously among the experts of the Member States. We believe there is an urgent need that the States Parties continue their discussions on different aspects of such chemicals and their impacts before having any adopted Decision. My delegation will not agree with any Decision or document that may restrict the usage of CNS chemicals and related researches for peaceful purposes such as medicine, pharmaceuticals, chemical industry, agriculture, etc.
Statement by the Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the 93rd Session of the Executive Council in support of the Credentials of the Permanent Representation of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the OPCW
My delegation categorically rejects the statements questioning the participation of the delegation of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in the Sessions and Meetings of the OPCW. The permanent representative of Venezuela has already submitted her valid credentials to the Director General and the credentials issued for the current delegation of Venezuela cannot be challenged on baseless grounds. The international organizations are not in a position to judge the legitimacy of the governments of the Member States. This would be a dangerous precedent in this Organization that a few States Parties on the basis of their own interests and views attempt to bring their political disputes in the Sessions of the OPCW and question the legitimacy and representation of the governments of the States Parties. Continuation of such a precedent will turn the OPCW into a chaotic ambience. This would be another example of politicization and polarization of this Organization which is absolutely unacceptable and the States Parties should avoid such inappropriate actions.